The Hemlock Ravine comprises a large portion of the nature preserve. The hemlocks are endangered by an exotic insect, the hemlock wooly adelgid (HWA).
Looking down into the hemlock ravine
Mitchella repens, partridgeberry, rooted in a bed of moss.
Our earliest trillium, painted trillium.
This Indian cucumber is still blooming, despite already producing berries.
New York ferns, Thelypteris novaboracensis, unfurling in the Hemlock Ravine.
Indian cucumber, Medeola virginiana, in bloom
Larger hemlocks at the bottom of the ravine.
Translucent leaves mixed with violets form large patches in seasonally flooded low spots on the forest floor. But what is it?
A close-up of the lovely star-shaped flowers of Trientalis borealis.
Indian cucumber, Medeola virginiana, peeking through ferns, seems to be showing some fall color as the berries ripen.
Wood sorrel, a common groundcover in the Hemlock Ravine.
Wayfaring tree, Viburnum lantanoides, is a tall shrub with large velvety green leaves and white blossoms surrounded by sterile petals, similar to some of our hydrangeas. Deer love them and they are becoming more and more difficult to find in the Hemlock Ravine.
Broad beech fern, Phegopteris hexagonoptera, can form a lush groundcover.
There are many ferns in the hemlock ravine. This is one of the evergreen woodferns (Dryopteris spp.).
Close-up of great laurel blossom.
The immense blooms of great laurel, Rhododendron maximum, which can grow to be a small tree, brighten the Hemlock Ravine.
Rock polypody, Polypodium virginianum growing in leaf litter on top of a rock in the Hemlock Ravine.
Wood sorrel, Oxalis montana, a common wildflower in the Hemlock Ravine.
Fern in Hemlock Forest
Trees are powerful enough to move rocks.
Wading through ferns in the Hemlock Ravine.
Foamflowers — blossom detail
Foamflowers growing between rocks.
Foamflowers, Tiarella cordifolia, form colonies along creeks and moist, rocky seeps.
Indian pipe, Monotropa uniflora, makes a ghostly presence in the woods.
Starflower, Trientalis borealis
Red Elder, Sambucus racemosa
Painted Trillium, Trillium undulatum, our loveliest springtime wildflower, still found throughout the Hemlock Ravine.